What do you mean by foreign exchange?

Foreign exchange, or forex, is the conversion of one country’s currency into another. In a free economy, a country’s currency is valued according to the laws of supply and demand. In other words, a currency’s value can be pegged to another country’s currency, such as the U.S. dollar, or even to a basket of currencies.

What is foreign exchange and why is it important?

Foreign exchange is the trading of different national currencies or units of account. It is important because the exchange rate, the price of one currency in terms of another, helps to determine a nation’s economic health and hence the well-being of all the people residing in it.

What are the types of foreign exchange?

Types Of Foreign Exchange Market

  • The Spot Market. In the spot market, transactions involving currency pairs take place. …
  • Futures Market. …
  • Forward Market. …
  • Swap Market. …
  • Option Market.

What are foreign exchange reserves?

What Are Foreign Exchange Reserves? Foreign exchange reserves are assets held on reserve by a central bank in foreign currencies. These reserves are used to back liabilities and influence monetary policy. It includes any foreign money held by a central bank, such as the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank.

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What is foreign exchange rate Class 12?

The rate at which one currency is exchanged for another is called Foreign Exchange Rate. In other words, the foreign exchange rate is the price of one currency stated in terms of another currency. For example, if one U.S dollar exchanges for 60 Indian rupees, then the rate of exchange is 1$ = Rs.

What are the advantages of foreign exchange?

Advantages of Foreign Exchange Market in India

  • Globalized marketplace: There are no geographical or localized constraints in foreign exchange market. …
  • Flexibility: …
  • Full transparency: …
  • Wide range of trading options. …
  • Low transaction costs: …
  • No commission: …
  • Market Volatility: …
  • Hi-tech marketplace.

What are the three types of foreign exchange?

Foreign exchange exposure is classified into three types viz. Transaction, Translation, and Economic Exposure.

What is the foreign reserve of India?

India currently has the fourth largest foreign exchange reserves in the world, Minister of State for Finance Pankaj Chaudhary told Lok Sabha on Monday. As on November 19, 2021, he said the forex reserve stood at USD 640.4 billion.

What is India’s current foreign exchange reserve?

India’s total foreign exchange (Forex) reserves stand at around US$642.453 Billion on 8 September 2021, the highest ever, with the Foreign Exchange Assets (FCA) component at around US$571.660 Billion, Gold Reserves at around US$37.441 Billion, SDRs (Special Drawing Rights with the IMF) of around US$19.407 Billion and …

Who maintain foreign exchange reserves in India?

In India, the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934 contains the enabling provisions for the Reserve Bank to act as the custodian of foreign reserves, and manage reserves with defined objectives.

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What is meant by foreign exchange Class 9?

In a country, the foreign currency is called foreign exchange. The purchasing capacity of all currencies in the world are compared using the US dollar as the standard currency. This value differs from country to country. Most of the international trade transactions are carried out in the US dollar.

What is foreign exchange class9?

Foreign Exchange Rate is defined as the price of the domestic currency with respect to another currency. The purpose of foreign exchange is to compare one currency with another for showing their relative values.

What do you mean by exchange rate Class 10?

Exchange rates are the amount of one currency you can exchange for another. For example, the dollar’s exchange rate tells you how much a dollar is worth in a foreign currency. For example, if you traveled to the United Kingdom on January 29, 2019, you would only receive 0.77 pounds for your one U.S. dollar.